Compartment syndrome is a very serious cause of severe disability and even amputation if left untreated. To understand more about compartment syndrome, we need to briefly discuss the musculature in our bodies. Muscles in our legs and arms are surrounded by a layer of tissue known as fascia that you can equate to the casing of a sausage. There is very little flexibility or give in the facia, so when a muscle is injured, particularly due to a crushing blow, significant swelling of the muscle can occur. As the muscle pushed into the fascia, this can lead to a great deal of pressure which, in turn, eventually leads to reduced oxygen levels, tissue necrosis, nerve damage and death of the muscle.
If you have an older family member, a hip fracture (broken hip) is one of the most dreaded injuries. Not only is there the physical concern of a broken bone and subsequent surgery, but also the well-studied and documented increased risk of death that goes along with it. However, hip replacement surgery is not an overly risky procedure in and of itself for most and it certainly isn’t a death sentence.
With that said, hip replacement is still major surgery that comes with all its inherent risks along with specific risks of the procedure itself. These, of course, will be discussed during consultation prior to surgery. As we age, our general health may also begin to deteriorate and any surgery that requires hospitalization and immobilization becomes that much riskier.
While you may not have the ability to choose your orthopedic surgeon after a traumatic event like a car crash or fall, most of us will experience a few injuries during our lives that require consulting with an orthopedic surgeon sooner or later. In these cases, choosing the right surgeon for the job is important for the outcome after surgery. For some, the choice may be limited by insurance coverage and geographic location, but when we do have a choice, here are five important considerations to find the right specialist:
Smartphone tendonitis is a real condition, plain and simple. However, it is a relatively new condition that coincides with, you guessed it, smartphones. Prior to the advent of smartphones we really didn’t have many devices that would place such concentrated strain on one or two digits. Even in those that use computers, and typewriters back in the day, we haven’t seen quite as much damage to the body.
Calcium is the building block for bone structure and consequently a very important mineral, especially for those in middle or older age. And while this blog focuses on the importance of calcium for the bones, it is also critical to proper muscle and nerve function as well. Our bones shed and rebuild tissue through our entire lives. This regenerative process keeps them healthy and strong, while reducing the risk of fracture. However, as we get older, this regeneration process shifts – more bone is lost and less bone is regenerated, causing a net loss in bone density.
Age is the primary cause of bone density loss, however being female and consuming a diet low in calcium are also risk factors. Other factors may also include certain metabolic diseases, Vitamin D deficiency and rapid weight loss, for example after dieting or weight loss surgery.
It is easy to think of the bones in the body as monolithic, unchanging things, but to do so would not give these amazing structures the credit they deserve. In truth, bones are very much active – breaking down and regenerating tissue continuously over our lifetimes. Bones need nutrients like calcium and proper blood flow to stay strong, healthy and, frankly, alive. When we break a bone as a child, most cases heal well, with or sometimes without surgical intervention. Depending on the type and severity of break, the bone remains relatively normal for the rest of the patient’s life.
But we all know that as we get older, it is it takes longer to recover from a fracture and the outcomes are somewhat less certain. This is especially true for elderly patients that fracture a hip, many of which never recover their former abilities. But what causes this? And is disability a foregone conclusion?
A common theme in orthopedic recovery is physical therapy. Physical therapy involves manipulation of the bones and muscles of the injured area to improve range of motion, reduce swelling and promote healing. After recovery from just about any moderate to severe injury, patients would likely undergo a course of physical therapy.
Knee injuries to the meniscus are very common with over 500,000 peoplereeiving treatment every year. It’s likely that many more are unaware of their injury or have compensated to live with it. There are many ways to treat a meniscus injury, whether that be surgery or just physical therapy and time. One of those treatment options is a meniscal transplant. In this article, we will explain what exactly that is and if it is a good option for you.
An exercise routine does not have to be vigorous to be effective. In fact, just going for a brisk walk or a quick jog can do wonders for your bones and muscles. The debate over whether running is good or bad for you is ongoing, but the truth is that both running and walking can be great, depending on your body and medical conditions.
There are many reasons why your orthopedic surgery may be postponed. From scheduling conflicts (emergencies) to health problems (COVID, poor results from pre-op testing), the initial date of your surgical procedure is not always set in stone. It can be disappointing for a patient to have a surgery delay for a procedure that plans to relieve them of the pain that they may have been living with for years.
Although you cannot always control the circumstances of a surgical delay, there are some things that you can do in the meantime while waiting for your new date.